Pond Fish Farming
Fish Farming is an age old activity and in practice from ancient times. The concept of composite fish culture was developed by ICAR in late seventies under a coordinated composite fish culture project. This comprises the culture of 3 indigenous species of fish viz. rohu, catla and mrigal and 3 exotic fish i.e silver carp, grass carp and common carp, keeping in view their different food habit and habitat. This practice has been very well accepted by the farmers of Haryana as its cultural practices are analogous to agriculture. The successful fish culture requires ploughing of pond, addition of manure, stocking of fish seed; eradication of unwanted aquatic plants and animals, watering the pond; harvesting the crop and marketing of the produce. The fish culture technologies and economics are simple and understandable to the fish farmers. To produce one kilogram fish, the requirements are:-
- one cubic meter water
- one kilogram manure and 100 gm inorganic fertilizer
- one kilogram supplementary feed
- and one year time
Cost of production of fish is Rs. 18/kg and the sale price on an average is Rs.50/- per kg. A net profit of Rs.180000 per hectare per year is obtained, The pond fish culture practice is being adopted by farmers in all the districts of the state. There are 18000 fish culture units having an area of more than 16921.69 hectares in the state. The ownership of these ponds vested with the panchayats. Panchayat leases out their ponds to the farmer's for fish farming. These village ponds are generally visited by cattle for drinking water. The cattle refuse dung and urine in the pond. The organic waste released by the cattle are recycled into manure and help in the production of plankton which is basic food for fish. Thus all the village fish culture ponds in Haryana are the good example of fish cum cattle farming. With the passage of time, the farmers have modified the technologies as per the need. Generally Rohu,catla, mrigal and common carp are used for culture. The stocking density is kept at 20000 fish seed per hectare. Farmers have adopted the technique of multiple harvesting. which give better returns. Govt. provides 20% subsidy to general category while 25% to scheduled caste fish farmers for excavation of new pond/ renovation of old pond and fisheries inputs.
Economics of Fish Farming
|Construction of Pond,Water Supply Channel, Installation of Tubewell/Renovation/Lease Amount||25000|
|Electricity & Water charges||17500|
|Cost of 250Kg Lime||1000|
|20000 Fish Seeds||1500|
|Medicine, Fishing, Watch & Ward||10000|
|Sale of 6000 KG Fish @ 50 KG at pond site||300000|
|c)||Net Income (B-A)||200000|
Note:- The Income may vary on the productivity and market price of a pond
Fish Seed Production
Quality fish seed is the pre-requisite for successful fish farming. Department is using the techniques of hypophysation for the production of fish seed of culturable varieties. The breeding season of common carp fish in Haryana is February-March every year where as the breeding season of other species is monsoon season. Brood stock of required fish are maintained and sex-wise segreggate is made two month before. The pairing is made and injected with calculated dose of pituitary gland or ovaprim, ovatide or ovpal is injected to male and female fish. Within the 6-8 hours of the injection eggs from female and sperm from male are released in the water. The fertilizer is external. Normally one kg fish releases about one lakh eggs. The hatchlings are known as spawn.The spawn is reared in the nursary pond. After 15 days, the spawn attains the size of 25 mm and ready for stocking in the pond. More than 50 lakh fry can be produced per hectare fish seed farm in both the seasons in a year. The income from sale of fish seed is Rs. 3.25 lakh approx. per year @ Rs. 6500 per lakh. Fisheries department provides technical and financial assistance for setting up of ecotype hatchery and fish seed rearing units.
Economics of Fish Seed Production
|Construction of Eco Hatchery, Ponds, Water Supply Channel, Installation of Tubewell ( Rs/- 8 Lakh for 10 Years)||80000|
|Electricity & Water charges||50000|
|Cost of 250 Kg Lime||750|
|1500 Kg Brood Stock||60000|
|100 Quntals Organic Fertilizer||5000|
|250 KG Urea||1250|
|500 KG Single Super Phosphate||1500|
|Injecting Material, Medicine, Fishing, Watch & Ward||25000|
|Sale of 500 Lac. Fish Spawn||200000|
|Sale of 50 Lac. Fish Fry||325000|
|Sale of Spent Brood Stock||20000|
|c)||Net Income (B-A)||271500|
Note:- The Income may vary on the productivity and market price of a pond
Location of Fishery Seed Farms
|Sr. No.||Location of the Farm||Total Land Area (in hectares)||Total WaterArea (in hectares)|
|Sr.No.||Location of the Farm||Total Land Area
|Total Water Area
|2||Bhutana ( Karnal)||10.00||8.00|
|11||Gagan Kheri (Hisar)||1.60||1.20|
Rashtiya Krishi Vikas Yojana
Diversification from traditional carp fish culture to high valued fish species such as ornamental fish and to conserve saline/water logged areas. The provision has been made for mobilizing the untapped water resources such as water logged areas, saline soil and water for aquaculture. More than 20000 hectare saline area and approx. 2000 hectare water logged area is available in the State. In this regard several experimental trials have been successfully completed by the Central Institute of Fisheries Education at its Rohtak regional centre, developing some of the proven technologies like Tiger-shrimp culture, vannamei culture and Fresh water prawn poly-culture for the utilization of these degraded and saline affected barren lands using ground saline water. To utilize saline water resources in Haryana, the under project under RKVY scheme was introduced during the year 2014-15. In this scheme high valued white Shrimp Letopenaeus vanammei has been introduced in saline area in the state.
During the Year 2014-15, Haryana is the first landlocked state in the country to utilize underground saline water for the Culture of White Shrimp letopenaeus vannamei. Central Insititute of Fisheries Education Lahali, Rohtak provide guidance to the Shrimp farmers for White Shrimp Culture in saline affected areas. The marvelous achievement made in White Shrimp Culture in Haryana is due to the contribution and efforts laid by the Fisheries Department.
Department explore the possibility to cover maximum saline area for Shrimp culture. During the year 2014-15, 28.00 hectare area in the district Rohtak, Hisar, Bhiwani, Jind, Sonepat and Jhajjar has been covered under White Shrimp Letopenaeus Vannamei Culture in Saline affected areas. After the successful trials of White Shrimp Culture during the year 2014-15, 2015-16 and 2016-17, 2017-18, 2018-19 and 2019-20 department proposes the project proposal to bring 50.00 Hectare Saline affected area for white shrimp culture for the year 2020-21.
The unit cost for one hectare for the culture of Pacific White Shrimp Letopenaeus vannamei is Rs. 07.00lakh Capital Cost and Operational cost is Rs. 03.00 lakh and total cost for one hectare for developing saline water area for Pacific White Shrimp Letopenaeus vannamei is 10.00 lakh per hectare.
The aim of the project is to bring more and more Saline affected area under White Shrimp Culture and to increase the income & to uplift the socio-economic status of the shrimp farmers.