Technical Updates

Integrated Fish Farming

Fisheries Department provides technical and financial assistance from integrated fish farming. The Integrated fish farming practices utilize the waste form different components of the system viz live stock, poultry, duckery, piggery and agriculture byproducts for fish production. 40-50 kg of organic wastes are converted into one kg of fish, while the pond silt is utilized as fertilizers for the fodder corps, which in turn is used to raise livestock. The system of integrated farming is very wide.

The system provides meal, milk, eggs, fruit, vegetables, mushroom, fodder & grains in addition to fish. It utilizes the pond dykes which otherwise remain utilized for the production of additional food and income to the farmer. The possible integrated farming systems are given blow :-

a) Fish cum Agriculture System b) Fish cum Animal System
Fish cum Paddy Culture Fish cum Diary
Fish cum water chestnut Fish cum Pig Farming
Fish cum Pappaya Fish cum Rabbit Farming
Fish cum Mulberry Fish cum Poultry
Fish cum Mushroom Fish cum Duck Farming

Pond Fish Farming

integration-mainFish Farming is an age old activity and in practice from ancient times. The concept of composite fish culture was developed by ICAR in late seventies under a coordinated composite fish culture project. This comprises the culture of 3 indigenous species of fish viz. rohu, catla and mrigal and 3 exotic fish i.e silver carp, grass carp and common carp, keeping in view their different food habit and habitat. This practice has been very well accepted by the farmers of Haryana as its cultural practices are analogous to agriculture. The successful fish culture requires ploughing of pond, addition of manure, stocking of fish seed; eradication of unwanted aquatic plants and animals, watering the pond; harvesting the crop and marketing of the produce. The fish culture technologies and economics are simple and understandable to the fish farmers. To produce one kilogram fish, the requirements are:- 

  • one cubic meter water
  • one kilogram manure and 100 gm inorganic fertilizer
  • one kilogram supplementary feed
  • and one year time

Cost of production of fish is Rs. 18/kg and the sale price on an average is Rs.50/- per kg. A net profit of Rs.180000 per hectare per year is obtained, The pond fish culture practice is being adopted by farmers in all the districts of the state. There are 18000 fish culture units having an area of more than 16921.69 hectares in the state. The ownership of these ponds vested with the panchayats. Panchayat leases out their ponds to the farmer's for fish farming. These village ponds are generally visited by cattle for drinking water. The cattle refuse dung and urine in the pond. The organic waste released by the cattle are recycled into manure and help in the production of plankton which is basic food for fish. Thus all the village fish culture ponds in Haryana are the good example of fish cum cattle farming. With the passage of time, the farmers have modified the technologies as per the need. Generally Rohu,catla, mrigal and common carp are used for culture. The stocking density is kept at 20000 fish seed per hectare. Farmers have adopted the technique of multiple harvesting. which give better returns. Govt. provides 20% subsidy to general category while 25% to scheduled caste fish farmers for excavation of new pond/ renovation of old pond and fisheries inputs.

Economics of Fish Farming

a) Expenditure Rs.
  Construction of Pond,Water Supply Channel, Installation of Tubewell/Renovation/Lease Amount 25000
  Electricity & Water charges 17500
  Cost of 250Kg Lime 1000
  20000 Fish Seeds 1500
  Organic Fertilizer 10000
  Inorganic Fertilizer 5000
  Supplimentry feed 30000
  Medicine, Fishing, Watch & Ward 10000
TOTAL EXPENDITURE 100000
b) Income  
  Sale of 6000 KG Fish @ 50 KG at pond site 300000
c) Net Income (B-A) 200000

Note:- The Income may vary on the productivity and market price of a pond

Integrated Fish Farming

integration3Fisheries Department provides technical and financial assistance for integrated fish farming. The Integrated fish farming practices utilize the waste from different components of thc system viz. live stock, poultry, duckery, piggery and agriculture byproducts for fish production. 40-50 kg of organic wastes are converted into one kg of fish, while the pond silt is utilized as fertilizers for the fodder crops, which in turn is used to raise livestock. The system of integrated farming is very wide.
The system provides meal, milk, eggs, fruits, vegetables, mushroom, fodder & grains in addition to fish. It utilizes the pond dykes which otherwise remain unutilized for the production of additional food and income to the farmer. The possible'integrated farming systems are given below:

a) Fish cum Agriculture System

  • Fish cum Paddy Culture
  • Fish cum water chestnut
  • Fish cum Pappaya
  • Fish cum Mulberry
  • Fish cum Mushroom

b) Fish cum Animal System

  • Fish Cum Dairy
  • Fish cum Pig Farming
  • Fish cum Rabbit Farming
  • Fish cum Poultry
  • Fish cum Duck Farming

Fish cum Dairy

integration11Fish-cum-Dairy Farming is considered as an excellent innovation for the use of organic wastes. Use of cow/buffalo manure in fish farming is a commonly prevailing practice. On an average, one cow/buffalo excretes 12000 kg of dung and 8000 litre urine per year. The cattle faeces and urine are beneficial to the filter-feeding and omnivorous fishes. On an average, 3-4 cows/buffaloes can provide sufficient manure to fertilize one hectare pond. In this system, farmer gets milk, fish and calf as well, which increases revenue and reduces input costs. The system gives a net profit of Rs.317000/- per year from one hectare land.

Economics of Fish cum Dairy

a) Expenditure Rs.
  Construction of Pond,Water Supply Channel, Installation of Tubewell/Renovation/Lease Amount 25000
  Electricity & Water charges 17500
  2000 Fish Seeds 1500
  Construction of Shed for Animals (Rs. 150000/- for 10 years) 15000
  Purchase of 5 Murrah Buffalo (Rs 40000/- for 5 years) 40000
  13000 Kg Animal Feed 234000
  Medicine for Animals & Fishes 10000
  Labour Charges 40000
TOTAL EXPENDITURE 383000
b) Income  
  Sale of 6000 KG Fish 300000
  Sale of 10000 Ltr. Milk 300000
  Sale of 5 Young ones of Buffalo 100000
  TOTAL INCOME 700000
c) Net Income (B-A) 317000

Note:- The Income may vary on the productivity and market price of a pond and dairy inputs/ bi-products 

Fish cum Piggery

integration2The pig dung as an organic manure for fish culture has certain advantages over cattle manure. The waste produced by 20-30 pigs is equivalent to one ton of Ammonium Sulphate applied to the soil.The pigs are fed largely on kitchen waste, aquatic plants and crop byproducts. At present, fish-pig integration is practiced in all the developing countries. Several exotic breeds of pigs have been introduced in the country to augment pork production. The popular races are the white Yorkshire,Berkshire and Landrace. The pigsties should provide adequate protection from adverse weather conditions. A run or courtyard adjacent to the pig house is essential. The size of the pig house depends on the number of pigs to be reared. Floor space is provided @3-4 m2 for every pig weighing 70-90 kg.The pigsties are built mostly at the pond sites and even over the ponds. The washings from the pigsties containing dung and urine are either channelised directly into the pond or composed before its application. The boars, sows and finishing stocks are housed separately. Maize, groundnut, wheat- bran, fishmeal, mineral mixture provide base for concentrated feed mixture. In advanced countries,garbage is widely used to economize pork production and provided after pre-cooking when pig dung is applied to a pond. It enhances the biological productivity of the pond. A portion of dung is directly consumed by some fish also. The excreta voided by 35-40 pigs is found adequate to fertilize one hectare of water. Integrated fish-pig farming is a viable and feasible scientific approach to augment fish production at low cost. The net income in this integration from one hectare of pond is Rs.2,60,000/-.

Fish-cum-Poultry

The droppings of birds in this system are utilized to fertilize the pond. Poultry litter recycled into fish pond produces 6000 kg fish per hectare per year. Broiler production provides good and immediate return to the farmers. Success in production depends mainly on the efficiency of the farmer, experience, aptitude and ability, in the management of the flock. This involves procurement of better brood stock, housing, brooding equipment, feeders, water trays and management practices,which also includes prevention and control of diseases. The poultry litter is applied to the pond in daily doses at a rate of 40-50 kg per hectare. The application of litter may be deferred during the days when algal blooms appear in the ponds. One adult chicken produces about 25 kg of compost poultry manure in one year. 500-600 birds would provide sufficient manure for fertilization of one hectare of fish pond. Farmer can get a net income of Rs.3,37,375/- from one hectare of pond in one year. Govt. provides financial assistance to the farmers for promoting this system.

Economics of Fish-cum-Poultry

a) Expenditure Rs.
1 Construction of Pond,Water Supply Channel, Installation of Tubewell/Renovation/Lease Amount 25000
2 Electricity & Water charges 60000
3 Construction of Poultry Shed ( Rs.150000/- for 10 years) 15000
4 550 Chiks 8250
5 22500Kg Poultry Feed 230000
6 Medicines for Fish & Poultry 50000
7 Fishing, Sale of Poultry Birds & Labour 40000
Total Expenditure 428250
b) Income  
  Sale of 6000 KG Fish 300000
  Sale of 118750 Eggs 415625
  Sale of 500 KG Poultry Birds 50000
  Total Income 765625
c) Net Income(B-A) 337375

Note:- The Income may vary on the productivity and market price of a pond and poultry inputs/ bi products

Fish cum Duck farming

Fish cum Duck Integration is most common in the developing countries. This type of integration is not popular in northern states of India. Ducks are of several types and Khaki Campbell is recommended for fish-cum-duck integration Fishpond being a semi-closed biological system with several aquatic animals and plants provides an excellent disease-free environment for the ducks. In turn, ducks consume juvenile frogs, tadpoles and dragonfly etc. there by making a safe environment for fish. Duck droppings go directly into the pond, which in turn provide essential nutrients such as carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus that stimulate growth of natural food organisms. Ducks also help in aerating the pond water, alongwith bottom racking. About 300 ducks are enough to fertilize a pond of one hectare. The system results in a net income of Rs. 210000/- per year per hectare. However, due to difficulty in marketing of eggs and duck meat, the system is not very common in the state.

Fish cum Horticulture

Integration of fish cum flowers, fruit plants, vegetables and mushroom can be takcn up. The pond humus is used as manure for plantation. Pond water can be used for plants which is rich in nutrients, thereby decrease the cost on inorganic fertilizers. The pond dykes are used for the plantation. The culture practice can be taken up as per suitablity to the location i.e. location specific. The economics also varies and depends on the type of plantation.

Fish Seed Production

fishseed-production2Quality fish seed is the pre-requisite for successful fish farming. Department is using the techniques of hypophysation for the production of fish seed of culturable varieties. The breeding season of common carp fish in Haryana is February-March every year where as the breeding season of other species is monsoon season. Brood stock of required fish are maintained and sex-wise segreggate is made two month before. The pairing is made and injected with calculated dose of pituitary gland or ovaprim, ovatide or ovpal is injected to male and female fish. Within the 6-8 hours of the injection eggs from female and sperm from male are released in the water. The fertilizer is external. Normally one kg fish releases about one lakh eggs. The hatchlings are known fishseed-production1as spawn.The spawn is reared in the nursary pond. After 15 days, the spawn attains the size of 25 mm and ready for stocking in the pond. More than 50 lakh fry can be produced per hectare fish seed farm in both the seasons in a year. The income from sale of fish seed is Rs. 3.25 lakh approx. per year @ Rs. 6500 per lakh. Fisheries department provides technical and financial assistance for setting up of ecotype hatchery and fish seed rearing units.

 

Economics of Fish Seed Production

a) Expenditure Rs.
  Construction of Eco Hatchery, Ponds, Water Supply Channel, Installation of Tubewell ( Rs/- 8 Lakh for 10 Years) 80000
  Electricity & Water charges 50000
  Cost of 250 Kg Lime 750
  1500 Kg Brood Stock 60000
  100 Quntals Organic Fertilizer 5000
  250 KG Urea 1250
  500 KG Single Super Phosphate 1500
  Supplimentry feed 50000
  Injecting Material, Medicine, Fishing, Watch & Ward 25000
Total Expenditure 273500
b) Income  
  Sale of 500 Lac. Fish Spawn 200000
  Sale of 50 Lac. Fish Fry 325000
  Sale of Spent Brood Stock 20000
  TOTAL 545000
c) Net Income (B-A) 271500

Note:- The Income may vary on the productivity and market price of a pond 

Location of Fishery Seed Farms

Government Farms

Sr. No. Location of the Farm Total Land Area (in hectares) Total WaterArea (in hectares)

1

Jansui (Ambala) 1.00 0.94

2

Sidpura (Karnal 3.00 1.98

3

Jyotisar (Kurukshetra) 14.60 6.93

4

Rohat (Sonepat) 3.00 1.42

5

Damadama (Gurgaon) 6.61 1.25
6 Badkhal (Faridabad) 6.50 3.50
7 Lisana (Rewari) 4.81 1.93
8 Sampla (Rohtak) 6.44 3.24
9 Kakroi (Sonepat) 4.52 2.31
10 Jhajjar 4.00 1.42
11 Tohana (Fatehabad) 4.20 1.60
12 Hisar 21.80 7.17
13 Dadupur (YamunaNagar) 0.60 0.08
14 Mundri (Kaithal) 2.00 0.90
15 Ottu (Sirsa) 2.80 1.30

Private Farms

Sr.No. Location of the Farm Total Land Area
(in hectares)
Total Water Area
(in hectares)
1 Dherdu (Kaithal) 2.00 1.80
2 Bhutana ( Karnal) 10.00 8.00
3 Mandheri (Kurukshetra) 10.00 6.40
4 Laloda (Fatehabad) 3.50 1.80
5 Gochi (Jhajjar) 1.00 0.60
6 Dabra (Hisar) 4.50 3.45
7 Satrod(Hisar) 4.00 3.25
8 Julani-Khera (Kaithal) 1.50 0.80
9 Mauli (Panchkula) 1.00 0.60
10 Majra (Jhajjar) 1.00 0.60
11 Gagan Kheri (Hisar) 1.60 1.20

Rashtiya Krishi Vikas Yojana

Diversification from traditional carp fish culture to high valued fish species such as ornamental fish and to conserve saline/water logged areas. The provision has been made for mobilizing the untapped water resources such as water logged areas, saline soil and water for aquaculture. More than 20000 hectare saline area and approx. 2000 hectare water logged area is available in the State. In this regard several experimental trials have been successfully completed by the Central Institute of Fisheries Education at its Rohtak regional centre, developing some of the proven technologies like Tiger-shrimp culture, vannamei culture and Fresh water prawn poly-culture for the utilization of these degraded and saline affected barren lands using ground saline water. The unit cost for one hectare for the culture of Pacific White Shrimp Letopenaeus vannamei is Rs. 07.00lakh Capital Cost and Operational cost is Rs. 03.00 lakh and total cost for one hectare for developing saline water area for Pacific White Shrimp Letopenaeus vannamei is 10.00 lakh per hectare copy of the details is enclosed herewith.

To utilize saline water resources in Haryana, the under project under RKVY scheme was introduced during the year 2014-15. In this scheme high valued white Shrimp Letopenaeus vanammei has been introduced in saline area in the state. After the successful trials of White Shrimp Culture during the year 2014-15, 2015-16 and 2016-17, department proposes the project proposal to bring 400.00 Hectare Saline affected area for white shrimp culture.

During the Year 2014-15, Haryana is the first landlocked state in the country to utilize underground saline water for the Culture of White Shrimp letopenaeus vannamei. Central Insititute of Fisheries Education Lahali, Rohtak provide guidance to the Shrimp farmers for White Shrimp Culture in saline affected areas. The marvelous achievement made in White Shrimp Culture in Haryana is due to the contribution and efforts laid by the Fisheries Department.

Department explore the possibility to cover maximum saline area for Shrimp culture. During the year 2014-15, 28.00 hectare area in the district Rohtak, Hisar, Bhiwani, Jind, Sonepat and Jhajjar has been covered under White Shrimp Letopenaeus Vannamei Culture in Saline affected areas. After the successful trial of white Shrimp Letopenaeus vennamei culture in 28.00 hectare saline area in Haryana, Department has brought 128.00 hectare area under Shrimp Culutre. 50% subsidy for developing of infrastructure and inputs per unit is being provided to the Shrimp Farmer.

The aim of the project is to bring more and more Saline affected area under White Shrimp Culture and to increase the income & to uplift the socio-economic status of the shrimp farmers.